The language of ancient Egyptian civilization, or just Egyptian langauge was an Afro-Asiatic languages. The language, its dialects and most of derived languages have extincted for centuries, though modern Coptic, which is the language believed to be closely linked with Egyptian, remains to be a liturgical language in Coptic Orthodox Churches.
Egyptian, for its evolving stages, has several varieties chronically.
- Archaic Egyptian (pre Old Kingdom)
- Old Egyptian (Old Kingdom)
- Middle Egyptian (Middle Kingdom to 18th Dynasty)
- Middle-Late Egyptian (Uprising from the later part of Middle Kingdom)
- Medio-Late Egyptian (New Kingdom, peak at 19th Dynasty)
- Neo-Middle Egyptian (20th Dynasty to Roman Period, parallelling with Late Egyptian)
- Late Egyptian (19th Dynasty to Late Period)
- Demotic Egyptian (Late Period to Roman Period)
- Coptic (Late Roman Period to Islamic Period, now)